Louis XVIII Hartwell House, Buckinghamshire
Between 1809 and 1814, Hartwell House in Buckinghamshire was the home of the exiled French king, brother of King Louis XVI who was executed in 1793. Previously titled the Comte de Provence, Louis Stanislas was now known as King Louis XVIII of France. He worked tirelessly to promote himself as a future ruler of France in a constitutional monarchy; showing willingness to accept many reforms and tolerance of minority religions. He was more liberal than his ministers and even his younger brother, the Comte d’Artois [who later became King Charles X, after Louis’s death in 1824].
It was thanks to his cousin the Regent, later King George IV, that Louis was able to seek refuge in England. The condition was that he must reside at a distance of 50 miles from London. At Hartwell House, he was accompanied by his queen, Marie-Josephine of Savoy, his niece, the Duchess of Angouleme and her husband, the Duke of Angouleme, son of the Comte d’Artois.